New books

Epigraphica et Sepulcralia 8

Epigraphica et Sepulcralia 8

The proceedings of the jubilee 15th international session on the issue of sepulchral monuments, which took place in Prague on 19 October – 21 October 2016. These regular conferences, organized since 2000 by the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences, are focused on sepulchral monuments as material artefacts of sepulchral culture and as works of art in the traditional sense of the word, with a factual or methodological relation to Central European issues. However, they do not not avoid themes that more widely explain the context in which these monuments were created and were functionally applied. An emphasis is placed on the nature of interdisciplinary expert meetings. Through their focus and periodicity, they are unique in the pan-European context. A novelty of this session was the inclusion of an independent block devoted to Hebrew monuments. The proceedings are divided into three parts, in terms of the religious context of the discussed themes – hence into parts devoted to Christian, Jewish and finally supplemental, but still in the Central European milieu, Islamic sepulchral monuments. It contains twenty-five papers in total, which deal directly or contextually with sepulchral monuments from the Late Middle Ages to the 21st century. Besides, the territorially Bohemian and Moravian issue as well as the German, Slovak and Polish issues make up a significant share of the work. The series Epigraphica & Sepulcralia has been the publication forum of these sessions since 2005. Jiří Roháček (ed.)

Svoboda + Palcr: Seeing Sculptures

Svoboda + Palcr: Seeing Sculptures

The photographer Jan Svoboda (1934–1990) perceived the sculptures of Zdeněk Palcr (1927–1996) as an autonomous artistic motif. The photographs of these sculptures were created from the 1960s to the 1980s primarily as documentation to be used by sculptors, but the photographer transformed them into images of specific artistic qualities and unusual iconic values. The book of these photographs is also a catalogue for the exhibition with the same name, which took place in 2019 at the Gallery of Fine Arts in Cheb. In addition to the many reproductions, the book includes four expert studies exploring the actual photos of sculptures by Jan Svoboda (a study by Katarína Mašterová) and the works of Zdeněk Palcr (a study by Iva Mladičová and an essay by Vladimíra Koubová-Eidernová), which have almost been forgotten today, even though they represent some of the most important works of art of the second half of the twentieth century. The book is supplemented with a description of the friendship and artistic and intellectual connection between both authors (text by Jaromír Zemina), their brief biographies, and a selected bibliography. The book includes unique and newly accessible visual materials. Katarína Mašterová (ed.)

Jdi na venkov! Výtvarné umění a lidová kultura v českých zemích 1800–1960

Jdi na venkov! Výtvarné umění a lidová kultura v českých zemích 1800–1960

The country, folk tradition, and the art culture of rural people are a part of our lives in many ways. This book presents and interprets the sources and forms of interest in the country environment from the beginning of the nineteenth century up to the 1960s. It explores the countryside and the lives of its people around the year 1800 in relation to the cult of nature and searches for the “natural” beginnings of society, modern nations, and their cultures and characteristics. It focuses on folk culture as a source of national art, the mythization of the countryside as an exotic environment, or on folk art inspiring Cubism and historical avant-garde. The conclusion of the book takes up the politization of folklore in the 1950s and the exploitation of its content. The book includes Czech architecture, paintings, sculptures, drawings, graphics, and photography, as well as foreign artists and selected films. This book was published by Artefactum in cooperation with the publishing house Arbor vitae. Tomáš Winter, Pavla Machalíková (eds.)

Public Space Endangered? Current Issues of Urban Public Space from the View of the Socio-Scientific Disciplines

Public Space Endangered? Current Issues of Urban Public Space from the View of the Socio-Scientific Disciplines

Urban public space – its form, function, new functions and possible threats – is attracting more attention nowadays in the wider social dialogue. It is a very complex theme as urban public space always takes a certain physical form, it is filled with activities, interpersonal contacts and relations, it is a foundation for cultural meaning. Architectural-urban, social and cultural elements mutually interconnect and condition each other. Therefore in theoretical analyses it is useful to approach the topic from the perspective of various scientific disciplines, as found in this collective publication. It presents sociological, philosophical, legal and art-historical interpretations, analyses from the point of view of urbanist theory and historic preservation, and it also deals with art in the urban environment. Jiří Kratochvíl (ed.)

Miloš Cvach: Není to socha!

Miloš Cvach: Není to socha!

Sochař Miloš Cvach (nar. 1945 ve Víru v okrese Žďár nad Sázavou) patří k umělcům, jejichž tvorba je v českém prostředí známa a reflektována pouze omezeně. Jednou z příčin je to, že v roce 1973 emigroval a usadil se v Paříži, kde žije dodnes. Kniha je první monografií, mapující souhrnně jeho život a dílo od figurálních prací, vzniklých na Akademii výtvarných umění v Praze, přes objekty a reliéfy, blízké minimalismu, až k současné tvorbě – reliéfům, autorským knihám, kresbám, grafikám a videu. Texty: Miloš Cvach, Tomáš Winter

Orient oder Rom? History and Reception of a Historiographical myth (1901-1970)

Orient oder Rom? History and Reception of a Historiographical myth (1901-1970)

Today, the question of the origins of Christian aesthetics is no longer a topical issue in medieval art history, although a persuasive answer has never been formulated. One of the reasons for this oblivion deals with the looming figure of Josef Strzygowski, who published his pivotal volume Orient oder Rom in 1901, now discredited for its racial and proto-Nazi ideas. However, the debate does not concern Strzygowski alone: the prodromes of this critical concept go back to the nineteenth century, when the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires fought to control contested territories, and studies of the humanities mirrored these conflicts. This volume, originating in the urgency to reflect on this pivotal conundrum in our field, attempts to reconstruct the (mis)fortune of a question that, according to Alois Riegl, “is the most important and most trenchant one in the entire history of mankind to date”.

Art in an Unsettled Time. Bohemian Book Illumination before Gutenberg (c.1375-1450)

Art in an Unsettled Time. Bohemian Book Illumination before Gutenberg (c.1375-1450)

Thirteen studies in English and German bring new insights into a number of masterpieces of Bohemian book painting, which have been examined so far mainly from a stylistic point of view. The book also acquaints the readers with unknown or little-known manuscripts. The publication illustrates how the turbulent end of the 14th century and the socio-political changes of the Hussite period influenced the form of manuscript production. The researches, inter alia, focus on the relationship between text and image, the function of the depiction, the mass productin of manuscripts, and the question of what Hussite iconography is. Texts: Barbara Drake Boehm (New York), Pavol Černý (Ostrava/Olomouc), Lara Fortunato (Neapol/Berlin), Tomáš Gaudek (Prague), Jan Gromadzki (Wrocław), Alena Hadravová (Prague), Petr Hadrava (Prague), Hana Hlaváčková (Prague), Kateřina Horníčková (Salzburg / České Budějovice), Ulrike Jenni (Prague), Kateřina Kubínová (Prague), Irina von Morzé (Vienna), Lenka Panušková (Prague), Daniela Rywiková (Ostrava), Maria Theisen (Vienna)

Fondy a sbírky oddělení dokumentace Ústavu dějin umění AV ČR, v. v. i.

Fondy a sbírky oddělení dokumentace Ústavu dějin umění AV ČR, v. v. i.

Funds and Collections of the Department of Documentation of the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences is a unique collection of sources for the history of art in the field of history, preservation, and cultural policy in the Czech lands from the last decades of the 19th century to the present. It contains (often unpublished) research results of several generations of Czech art historians. Extensive design, graphic, photographic, artistic and other collections represent an exceptionally rich historical iconography documenting not only architectural but also movable monuments and urban and landscape features of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia. The publication provides basic information on these founds, and it is the first guideline for those interested in studying in the documentation department.

Proměny venkovské architektury s důrazem na vývoj v 19. a 20. století I.

Proměny venkovské architektury s důrazem na vývoj v 19. a 20. století I.

The publications Changes in rural architecture with an emphasis on development in the 19th and 20th centuries I is devoted to the development of rural construction in five administrative regions, which are mostly located in Moravia and Silesia. It focuses mainly on the 19th and 20th centuries as compared to the current situation. It offers the possibility of looking at the architecture of the Moravian and Silesian countryside from another, less common angle. The book also accompanies a travelling exhibition of the same name.

Cim 2. Pražský evangeliář Cim 2. Rukopis mezi zeměmi a staletími středověké Evropy

Cim 2. Pražský evangeliář Cim 2. Rukopis mezi zeměmi a staletími středověké Evropy

This book follows the fortunes of one of the most valuable manuscripts to be preserved in the Czech Republic. In the library of the Prague Metropolitan Chapter, under the shelf mark Cim 2, there is to be found a lavishly illuminated evangeliary, which was produced towards the end of the Carolingian era, roughly in the late 870s. Until now no monograph had been devoted to this manuscript, and, although it is well known, it had remained on the margins of interest in the specialist literature. This book attempts to fill this gap. It reconsiders previous views and attempts to find answers to questions that are of fundamental importance in relation to the codex. In particular, a fresh look is taken at the enigmatic question of the origin of the manuscript, on which a number of illuminators worked, coming from various schools: Franco-Saxon ornamentalists, figure painters who perhaps came from Rheims, and scribes from Corvey in Saxony. The remarkable iconography with scenes of the calling of the apostles at last also receives a comprehensive analysis.

Hortus inventariorum. Statě k problematice inventářů pro dějiny umění

Hortus inventariorum. Statě k problematice inventářů pro dějiny umění

This collective publication deals with selected themes relating to inventories – a traditional and widely-used source for art-historical research. It covers a time span ranging from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The work is not only concerned with presenting and interpreting specific examples, but also attempts to place the phenomenon of inventories in a broader cultural, social, and political context. It aims to show how the genesis and idea of compiling inventories is linked to more general changes in the way society functions and how the increased interest in classifying and cataloguing in certain eras is related to the philosophical attitudes of the time or to changes in certain social connections. The work also tries to define the concept of inventories from the viewpoint of art history and archives and to present possible ways of using them for research. In addition, it also takes into consideration other sources of a similar type and their informative value.

Josef Sudek: Topografie sutin/ The Topography of Ruins

Josef Sudek: Topografie sutin/ The Topography of Ruins

In 1945, photographer Josef Sudek (1896–1976) set out into the streets of Prague to document the damage wreaked by the Second World War. The result was a set of nearly 400 images capturing the injured urban landscape – damaged buildings, a scrapyard containing dismantled sculptures, and firefighting or anti-air raid measures. The exhibition at Prague City Gallery’s House of Photography (22 May – 19 August 2018) and the accompanying traveling exhibition shown the same year in various cities throughout Europe thanks to cooperation with the Czech Centers are the first comprehensive presentation of this nearly unknown part of Sudek’s work. The exhibition is accompanied by an extensive catalogue featuring five critical essays and a rich set of images. The texts – the first expert analyses of these photographs – place these works within the context of the historical events at the end of the war in Prague, and offer a comparison with images of Prague in 1945 shot by other photographers. In most photographs of historical events, the content tends to overshadow the quality of the images, but the exhibition and catalogue show that this common view does not apply to Josef Sudek – the depth and quality of his images reflect their authors’ sensitive, personal captivation by this difficult subject.

Dějiny umění v českých zemích 800–2000 / Art in the Czech Lands 800–2000

Dějiny umění v českých zemích 800–2000 / Art in the Czech Lands 800–2000

Our readers have not yet had the opportunity to explore the history of art in Bohemia and Moravia in one single volume. This gap has been filled by the richly illustrated collaborative work of the Institute of Art History at the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, which follows the transformation of art in the Czech lands from the era of Great Moravia to the present. It explores painting, sculpture, architecture, book illustrations, arts and crafts, photography, and other forms of artistic creation; 800 selected works put into the historical context of their origin. The core of the book consists of “families”, groups of two, three, or four works of art that connect together the figure of the royal or aristocratic commissioner, the origin of the work in the environment of ancient monasteries, on the grounds of modern academies, or in the background of religious or political circles of the time, belonging to a distinct artistic movement, various renditions of one theme, and other interesting connections. The “families” present the most important artistic works associated with the Czech environment and the most prominent artistic personalities, from Theodoric of Prague and Petr Parléř, the cubists and the interwar avant-garde, up to contemporary artists, such as Veronika Bromová or Federico Díaz. This book was published by Artefactum in cooperation with the publishing house Arbor vitae. Taťána Petrasová – Rostislav Švácha (eds.)

TZ_Dejiny_18_06_28_FINAL.pdf

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